Alabama, Tennessee & Northern 2-10-0 No. 401
Builder: Baldwin Locomotive Works - Philadelphia, PA
Built: 1928                            
Serial No: #60341
Wheel Arrangement: 2-10-0 Decapod
Driver Diameter: 56"
Cylinder Bore x Stroke: 24" x 28"
Boiler Pressure: 190 psi
Pulling Power: 46,512 lbs. tractive effort
Engine Weight: 106 tons
Tender Weight: 71 tons
Length: 71' 4"
Fuel: Coal
Capacity: Coal - 12 tons; Water - 7,000 gallons
Class: SC-1
Status: Non-operational
That’s correct – on December 29, 2015, we placed our 18th locomotive into the Age of Steam Roundhouse. It is a 2-10-0 that we purchased at auction this summer from the Mid-Continent Railroad Museum in North Freedom, Wisconsin. Constructed during 1928 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Alabama, Tennessee & Northern as that road’s No.401, this engine was later owned by the Woodward Iron Company before going to the museum during 1964.
The AT&N was a 220-mile long short line railroad in the state of Alabama. Through various mergers and expansions the railroad eventually reached the port of Mobile in 1928, but AT&N rails never got anywhere close to reaching Tennessee. During this same year the railroad ordered from the Baldwin Locomotive Works three, light 2-10-0 or Decapod-type of steamers. Decapods were larger and produced more tractive effort than 2-8-0s and smaller 2-8-2s, but spread that increased locomotive weight over five driving axles instead of four. This reduced their axle loading to 19 tons, thus allowing AT&N’s 2-10-0s to operate on the lighter rails used by most short lines. The AT&N Decapods were numbered 401-403, rolled on 56-inch driving wheels and developed 46,512 pounds of tractive effort through Walschaerts valve gear. Modest tenders carried 12 tons of coal and 7,000 gallons of water.
Because of World War II’s sudden and enormous increase in the volume of rail traffic moving through the Port of Mobile, the War Production Board authorized the AT&N to purchase diesel locomotives. Eleven, American Locomotive Company RS1s and two, small, General Electric switchers allowed the AT&N to completely dieselize by 1946, being one of the first railroads of its size to do so. During the year Decapod No.401 (BLW serial number 60341) was sold by AT&N to the Georgia Car & Locomotive Company, a dealer in used railroad rolling stock. This Decapod was then repurchased on May 13, 1948, by the Woodward Iron Company and renumbered as its No.41. Woodward’s facilities covered 80,000 acres that were served by a 50-mile, in-plant railroad where No.41 pulled trains of coal and limestone from outlying, company-owned mines and quarries to WIC’s pig iron-making mills in Woodward, a suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. The blast furnaces of Woodward turned out high-grade merchant pig iron for shipment to foundries throughout the country. Merchant iron was used by foundries for casting water, soil and sanitary pipe; bathtubs and enamelware; stoves, farm implements and machinery parts. It was also used in diesel engine and compressor parts, piston rings and other automobile parts.
Decapod No.41 was in operation at Woodward Iron Company until June, 1959, when the locomotive was retired from active duty. During 1964 Mid-Continent Railway Museum purchased No.41 and had it hauled north. Plans to rebuild and restore No.41 never materialized, and the 2-10-0 sat at North Freedom as the museum’s largest locomotive exhibit. Sitting outdoors in Wisconsin’s winter wonderland was tough on the old hulk, and, determining that they no longer needed nor wanted this 2-10-0, Mid-Continent put it up on the auction block during May 2015. Due to problems with a local railroad bridge, moving this 2-10-0 would be neither easy nor inexpensive, and there were just two bidders for No.41. Yep—Jerry Jacobson won the auction, and had No.41 moved to his Age of Steam Roundhouse in Sugarcreek.
Because of the museum’s weather-damaged, out-of-service railroad bridge, No.41 had to be extracted from the property by highway truck. On December 2, 2015, No.41 was hoisted by two mammoth cranes onto a special, articulated, 66-wheel highway trailer for a short (but expensive) move over local highways to a railroad siding some four miles distant. There, the same cranes again lifted the 2-10-0 from the special truck trailer, and transloaded No.41 onto a railroad flatcar that would be used to transport the Decapod via Class 1 railroads for its journey to Ohio. No.41 arrived by rail at the Age of Steam Roundhouse on December 29, 2015, and was safely unloaded. Shipped separately, its tender arrived at the roundhouse by highway truck on November 5, 2015.